Dr. Deepali Patil

07666101825, 0712-3552950

Pramod Rajshree Plaza, Khamla, Nagpur

Open Hours

Mon - Fri: 10am - 2pm, 4am - 8pm, Sun - Closed

Dental Care and Hygiene
Dental Care and Hygiene

Dental care and hygiene are essential for maintaining good oral health and preventing dental problems such as tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath. Proper dental care involves a combination of regular at-home oral hygiene practices and regular visits to the dentist for professional check-ups and cleanings. Here are some important aspects of dental care and hygiene:

1. Brushing: Brush your teeth at least twice a day using fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush. Brush for at least two minutes, using gentle circular motions to clean all surfaces of your teeth, including the front, back, and chewing surfaces.

2. Flossing: Floss your teeth at least once a day to clean between the teeth and under the gumline, where a toothbrush cannot reach. Flossing helps remove plaque and food particles, reducing the risk of cavities and gum disease.

3. Mouthwash: Use a fluoride mouthwash to help strengthen tooth enamel and reduce bacteria in the mouth. Mouthwash can be used after brushing and flossing for added protection against dental issues.

4. Dental Check-ups: Visit your dentist regularly for check-ups and professional cleanings. Your dentist can identify dental problems early and provide appropriate treatment to prevent further complications.

5. Professional Cleanings: Professional dental cleanings (dental prophylaxis) remove tartar and plaque buildup that cannot be effectively removed with regular brushing and flossing. It helps prevent gum disease and keeps your teeth and gums healthy.

6. Balanced Diet: Maintain a balanced diet that is low in sugary and acidic foods. Limit the consumption of sugary snacks and drinks, as they can contribute to tooth decay.

7. Avoid Tobacco and Smoking: Avoid using tobacco products and smoking, as they can lead to various oral health issues, including gum disease, tooth discoloration, and oral cancer.

8. Mouthguards: If you participate in sports or activities with a risk of dental injuries, wear a custom-fitted mouthguard to protect your teeth and mouth.

Common Symptoms
  1. Tooth Decay (Cavities): Symptoms of tooth decay may include tooth sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweet foods, visible holes or pits in the teeth, toothache, and discoloration of the affected tooth.

  2. Gum Disease (Gingivitis and Periodontitis): Early symptoms of gum disease (gingivitis) may include red, swollen, or tender gums that may bleed during brushing or flossing. As gum disease progresses to periodontitis, symptoms may include gum recession, persistent bad breath, loose teeth, and changes in the bite.

  3. Halitosis (Bad Breath): Bad breath is a common symptom of poor oral hygiene, gum disease, or certain dental conditions.

  4. Tooth Sensitivity: Tooth sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, sweet or acidic foods, or even to air, can indicate enamel erosion, gum recession, or tooth decay.

  5. Gum Recession: Receding gums can cause tooth sensitivity, make the teeth appear longer, and expose the tooth root, leading to potential root sensitivity.

  6. Oral Infections: Symptoms of oral infections may include pain, swelling, pus, or abscess formation around a tooth.

  7. Loose Teeth: Loose teeth in adults can be a sign of advanced gum disease or other underlying dental problems.

  8. Mouth Sores: Persistent mouth sores or ulcers that do not heal may require dental evaluation to determine the cause.

Treatment of Dental Care and Hygiene

1. Regular Dental Check-ups:

  • Schedule regular dental check-ups with your dentist every six months or as recommended. Dental check-ups include comprehensive examinations, professional cleanings, and assessments of your oral health.

2. Brushing:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day, using a fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush. Brush for at least two minutes, making sure to clean all tooth surfaces and along the gumline.

3. Flossing:

  • Floss your teeth at least once a day to remove plaque and food particles from between the teeth and under the gumline.

4. Mouthwash:

  • Rinse with an antimicrobial mouthwash to reduce bacteria in the mouth and maintain fresh breath. However, mouthwash should not replace regular brushing and flossing.

5. Dental Cleaning (Scaling and Polishing):

  • Professional dental cleaning, also known as scaling and polishing, is done during dental check-ups to remove plaque, tartar, and stains from the teeth. This helps prevent tooth decay and gum disease.
Dental Care and Hygiene Precautions
  1. Regular Dental Check-ups: Schedule regular dental check-ups and cleanings with your dentist. Dental visits every six months allow for early detection and prevention of dental issues.

  2. Brushing: Brush your teeth at least twice a day, ideally after meals, using fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush. Be gentle and brush all tooth surfaces, including the tongue and roof of the mouth.

  3. Flossing: Floss daily to clean between teeth and below the gumline where a toothbrush cannot reach. This helps prevent plaque buildup and gum disease.

  4. Mouthwash: Use an antimicrobial mouthwash as directed by your dentist to reduce bacteria and maintain fresh breath.

  5. Limit Sugary and Acidic Foods: Reduce the consumption of sugary and acidic foods and beverages, as they can lead to tooth decay and enamel erosion.

  6. Balanced Diet: Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and dairy products to support overall oral health.

  7. Avoid Tobacco Products: Avoid smoking and using tobacco products, as they increase the risk of gum disease, oral cancer, and other oral health issues.