Dr. Deepali Patil

07666101825, 0712-3552950

Pramod Rajshree Plaza, Khamla, Nagpur

Open Hours

Mon - Fri: 10am - 2pm, 4am - 8pm, Sun - Closed

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMS) is a specialized field of dentistry that focuses on diagnosing and treating various conditions related to the mouth, jaws, face, and neck. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are dental specialists who undergo additional years of education and training after dental school to gain expertise in surgical procedures involving the oral and facial regions. They provide a wide range of surgical and non-surgical treatments to address both functional and aesthetic concerns. Here is some information about Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery:

Scope of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery:

  • Tooth Extractions: OMS specialists perform both simple and complex tooth extractions, including impacted wisdom tooth removal.
  • Dental Implants: Oral surgeons place dental implants to replace missing teeth and restore oral function and aesthetics.
  • Orthognathic Surgery: This surgery corrects facial and jaw abnormalities, such as misaligned jaws or malocclusions (improper bite).
  • Facial Trauma: Oral surgeons treat facial injuries resulting from accidents or trauma, including fractures of the facial bones and soft tissues.
  • Oral Pathology: OMS specialists diagnose and treat various oral diseases, such as cysts, tumors, and infections.
Common Symptoms
  1. Impacted Wisdom Teeth: Impacted wisdom teeth (third molars) can cause symptoms such as jaw pain, swelling, difficulty opening the mouth, and irritation of the surrounding gums.

  2. Tooth Loss: Missing teeth can lead to functional and aesthetic issues, making dental implants or other tooth replacement procedures necessary.

  3. Jaw Misalignment: Jaw misalignment (malocclusion) can result in difficulty chewing, speech problems, and facial asymmetry.

  4. Facial Trauma: Facial injuries due to accidents, falls, or sports can cause fractures or other damage to the jaw, cheekbones, and facial structures.

  5. Oral Pathology: Abnormal growths, cysts, or tumors in the mouth or jaw may require surgical removal for diagnosis and treatment.

  6. Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders: TMJ disorders can cause jaw pain, clicking or popping sounds, difficulty chewing, and headaches.

  7. Obstructive Sleep Apnea: In some cases, oral surgery may be recommended as part of the treatment for obstructive sleep apnea to improve breathing during sleep.

  8. Dental Implant Placement: Oral surgery is commonly performed to place dental implants for tooth replacement.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

1. Tooth Extractions: Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are skilled in performing both simple and complex tooth extractions, including impacted wisdom teeth removal.

2. Dental Implants: They can place dental implants, which are artificial tooth roots used to support dental restorations like crowns, bridges, or dentures.

3. Corrective Jaw Surgery (Orthognathic Surgery): This surgery is performed to correct skeletal or dental irregularities, such as misaligned jaws, malocclusions (bad bites), or facial asymmetry.

4. Treatment of Facial Trauma: Oral and maxillofacial surgeons can treat facial injuries, fractures, and soft tissue injuries resulting from accidents or trauma.

5. TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint) Disorders: They can diagnose and treat disorders of the TMJ, which can cause jaw pain, clicking, or limited jaw movement.

6. Cleft Lip and Palate Repair: They are involved in the surgical correction of cleft lip and palate birth defects in children and adults.

7. Oral Pathology: Oral and maxillofacial surgeons can diagnose and treat various oral and facial pathologies, including cysts, tumors, and lesions.

8. Dental and Facial Reconstructive Surgery: This involves the reconstruction of the oral and facial structures damaged by trauma, cancer, or developmental abnormalities.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Precautions
  1. Regular Dental Check-ups: Schedule regular dental check-ups with your dentist every six months. These routine visits allow your dentist to monitor your oral health, detect potential issues early, and recommend appropriate treatments before they escalate into more complex problems.

  2. Good Oral Hygiene: Maintain a consistent oral hygiene routine, including brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and using mouthwash. Proper oral hygiene helps prevent tooth decay, gum disease, and other dental problems.

  3. Healthy Diet: Consume a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals to support good oral health. Limit sugary and acidic foods and beverages, as they can contribute to tooth decay and erosion.

  4. Avoid Tobacco and Alcohol: Avoid smoking and using tobacco products, as they are linked to an increased risk of oral cancer and gum disease. Limit alcohol consumption, as excessive alcohol use can also harm oral health.

  5. Protective Gear: If you engage in sports or activities with a risk of dental injury, wear appropriate protective gear such as mouthguards to prevent dental trauma.