Dr. Deepali Patil

07666101825, 0712-3552950

Pramod Rajshree Plaza, Khamla, Nagpur

Open Hours

Mon - Fri: 10am - 2pm, 4am - 8pm, Sun - Closed

Root Canal Treatment
Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment, also known as endodontic treatment, is a dental procedure performed to save a severely damaged or infected tooth. The treatment involves removing the infected or inflamed pulp (soft tissue) from the tooth’s interior (root canal), cleaning and disinfecting the canal, and then sealing it to prevent further infection. Here’s a step-by-step overview of the root canal treatment process:

  1. Diagnosis and Examination: Before proceeding with root canal treatment, your dentist will conduct a thorough examination, which may include X-rays, to determine if the tooth’s pulp is infected or damaged. Common reasons for root canal treatment include deep decay, cracked or fractured teeth, repeated dental procedures on the same tooth, and trauma.

Common Symptoms
  1. Tooth Pain: Severe and persistent tooth pain is one of the most common symptoms. The pain may be sharp or throbbing and can worsen when biting or applying pressure to the tooth.

  2. Sensitivity: Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures that lingers even after the stimuli are removed. The sensitivity may be localized to the affected tooth.

  3. Painful Swelling: Swelling and tenderness in the gums around the affected tooth, which may appear as a small bump or pimple-like swelling.

  4. Discoloration: Darkening or discoloration of the affected tooth, which may indicate damage to the internal pulp.

  5. Gum Abscess: Development of a pus-filled pocket (abscess) at the gumline, causing pain and swelling.

  6. Loose Tooth: A previously stable tooth becoming loose or mobile due to damage to the supporting structures inside the tooth.

  7. Tender or Swollen Lymph Nodes: Swollen or tender lymph nodes in the neck or jaw area due to the spread of infection from the affected tooth.

  8. Painful or Prolonged Sensation to Heat or Cold: Experiencing intense and lingering pain when consuming hot or cold foods and beverages.

Root Canal Treatment
  1. Diagnosis and Evaluation: If you experience persistent tooth pain, sensitivity to hot or cold, swelling, or signs of infection around a tooth, your dentist will examine the tooth and take X-rays to assess the condition of the tooth and its surrounding structures. This helps in diagnosing the need for root canal treatment.

  2. Local Anesthesia: Before starting the procedure, the dentist administers local anesthesia to numb the area around the affected tooth. This ensures that you are comfortable and pain-free during the treatment.

  3. Accessing the Pulp Chamber: The dentist creates a small access hole through the tooth’s crown to reach the pulp chamber and root canals.

  4. Pulp Removal: Using specialized dental instruments called files, the infected or inflamed pulp tissue is carefully removed from the pulp chamber and root canals.

  5. Cleaning and Shaping: The dentist cleans and shapes the root canals to remove any remaining infected material and to ensure they are ready to be filled.

  6. Irrigation: Throughout the procedure, the root canals are irrigated with a disinfectant solution to thoroughly cleanse them.

  7. Filling the Root Canals: Once the root canals are cleaned and shaped, they are filled with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha. This material seals the canals and prevents bacteria from re-entering.

Benefit of Root Canal
  1. Pain Relief: Root canal treatment is often recommended to relieve severe tooth pain caused by inflammation or infection within the tooth’s pulp (the innermost layer containing nerves and blood vessels). The procedure removes the infected tissue, alleviating pain and discomfort.

  2. Preservation of Natural Tooth: The primary goal of a root canal is to save a severely damaged or infected tooth from extraction. By removing the infected pulp and sealing the tooth, the natural tooth structure is preserved, allowing for continued function and aesthetics.

  3. Improved Oral Health: Eliminating the infection and sealing the tooth helps prevent the spread of bacteria and potential complications, such as abscesses or bone loss, which can occur if the infection is left untreated.

  4. Restoration of Chewing Function: After a root canal, the tooth can function normally for biting and chewing, which is essential for maintaining proper oral function and avoiding disruptions in eating and speaking.

Root Canal Precautions
  1. Avoid Chewing on the Treated Tooth: To allow the tooth to heal properly, avoid chewing or biting down on the treated tooth for a few days after the root canal. Opt for softer foods and chew on the opposite side of the mouth.

  2. Take Pain Medication as Directed: Your dentist may prescribe pain medications or recommend over-the-counter pain relievers to manage post-operative discomfort. Take them as directed and only as needed.

  3. Practice Good Oral Hygiene: Maintain excellent oral hygiene by brushing and flossing regularly. Be gentle around the treated tooth during the first few days to avoid irritation.

  4. Avoid Hard or Sticky Foods: Avoid hard or sticky foods that could potentially dislodge or damage the temporary filling or the tooth’s healing tissues.

  5. Be Mindful of Temperature Sensitivity: After a root canal, the tooth may be sensitive to hot or cold temperatures. Be mindful of what you eat and drink, and avoid extremely hot or cold items.