Dr. Deepali Patil

07666101825, 0712-3552950

Pramod Rajshree Plaza, Khamla, Nagpur

Open Hours

Mon - Fri: 10am - 2pm, 4am - 8pm, Sun - Closed

Scaling / Polishing
Scaling / Polishing

Scaling and polishing are two essential dental procedures that are part of routine dental hygiene visits.

Scaling: Scaling is a dental procedure that involves the thorough removal of dental plaque, tartar (calculus), and other debris from the surfaces of teeth. Dental plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that accumulates on the teeth, and if not removed regularly, it can lead to tooth decay, gum disease, and other oral health problems.

Polishing is the next step after scaling and is performed to make the tooth surfaces smooth and shiny. After scaling, there might be some roughness on the tooth surfaces due to the removal of plaque and tartar.

Common Symptoms
  1. Visible Stains on Teeth: Over time, teeth can develop surface stains from various sources, such as coffee, tea, red wine, tobacco, or certain foods. Scaling and polishing can help remove these stains, improving the appearance of the teeth.

  2. Gum Inflammation: Gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease, is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Scaling and polishing can help remove the plaque and tartar responsible for causing gum inflammation.

  3. Bad Breath (Halitosis): Plaque and tartar can harbor bacteria that produce foul-smelling compounds, leading to bad breath. Scaling and polishing can help reduce bad breath by removing these accumulations.

  4. Gum Recession: When gum disease progresses, it can lead to gum recession, exposing the tooth roots and making them susceptible to decay. Scaling and polishing can aid in gum health and potentially slow down or prevent further recession.

Scaling / PolishingTreatment

Scaling and polishing are essential dental treatments performed by dentists or dental hygienists to maintain oral health and prevent gum disease. They are part of routine dental cleanings and involve the removal of plaque, tartar (calculus), and surface stains from the teeth. Let’s look at each treatment in more detail:

  1. Scaling:

    • Scaling is the process of removing dental plaque and calculus (hardened plaque) from the tooth surfaces, both above and below the gumline.
    • Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth, and if not removed, it can lead to tooth decay and gum disease.
    • Calculus forms when plaque is left undisturbed and mineralizes, becoming hard and difficult to remove with regular brushing and flossing.
    • During scaling, dental instruments, such as ultrasonic scalers or hand scalers, are used to gently remove plaque and calculus from the teeth.
  2. Polishing:

    • Polishing is the next step after scaling and involves smoothing the tooth surfaces to remove any remaining plaque, stains, or soft deposits that were not removed during scaling.
    • A dental prophy paste, a gritty toothpaste-like substance, is applied to the teeth, and a dental tool called a prophylaxis brush or rubber cup is used to polish the teeth.
    • Polishing helps create a smooth and shiny surface on the teeth, making it harder for plaque to adhere and giving the teeth a cleaner appearance.
Scaling / Polishing Benefits
  • Removes plaque and calculus, reducing the risk of tooth decay and gum disease.
  • Improves gum health by removing irritants that contribute to inflammation.
  • Enhances the appearance of teeth by removing surface stains.
  • Helps maintain fresh breath by eliminating odor-causing bacteria.
  • Creates a smooth tooth surface, making it easier to keep teeth clean with regular oral hygiene practices.
Frequency of Scaling and Polishing:
  • Scaling and polishing are typically recommended as part of regular dental check-ups and cleanings, which should occur every six months for most individuals.
  • However, the frequency may vary based on individual oral health needs and the presence of gum disease. Some people with a history of gum disease may require more frequent cleanings.