Dr. Deepali Patil

07666101825, 0712-3552950

Pramod Rajshree Plaza, Khamla, Nagpur

Open Hours

Mon - Fri: 10am - 2pm, 4am - 8pm, Sun - Closed

Teeth Sensitivity
Teeth Sensitivity

Teeth sensitivity, also known as dentin hypersensitivity, is a common dental problem that affects many people. It occurs when the protective layer of enamel on the tooth surface becomes thin or compromised, exposing the underlying dentin. Dentin is a porous material containing tiny tubules that connect to the nerve endings inside the tooth. When dentin is exposed, external stimuli such as hot, cold, sweet, or acidic foods and drinks can reach the nerve endings, causing pain or discomfort. Here is some information about teeth sensitivity:

Causes of Teeth Sensitivity:

  1. Gum Recession: Gum recession exposes the root surfaces of the teeth, which are more sensitive than enamel-covered surfaces.

  2. Tooth Decay: Cavities or tooth decay can lead to enamel erosion and expose the dentin.

  3. Bruxism: Teeth grinding or clenching can wear down the enamel and lead to sensitivity.

  4. Brushing Habits: Aggressive brushing or using a hard-bristled toothbrush can wear away the enamel over time.

  5. Acidic Foods and Beverages: Frequent consumption of acidic foods and drinks can erode the enamel and lead to sensitivity.

  6. Dental Procedures: Some dental treatments, such as teeth whitening or dental restorations, may cause temporary sensitivity.

  7. Cracked or Chipped Teeth: Cracks or chips in teeth can expose the dentin and cause sensitivity.

Symptoms of Teeth Sensitivity:
  • Sharp, sudden, or shooting pain in response to hot, cold, sweet, or acidic foods and drinks.
  • Discomfort or pain while brushing or flossing.
  • Sensitivity to cold air or cold water.
  • Pain or discomfort when biting or chewing.
Teeth Sensitivity Treatment

1. Desensitizing Toothpaste:

  • Use a toothpaste specifically formulated for sensitive teeth. These toothpastes contain compounds that block the exposed dentinal tubules, reducing sensitivity to hot, cold, sweet, and acidic stimuli. Use the toothpaste as directed by your dentist.

2. Fluoride Treatment:

  • Your dentist may apply a fluoride gel or varnish to the sensitive areas of your teeth. Fluoride helps strengthen the enamel and can reduce sensitivity.

3. Dental Sealants:

  • In some cases, your dentist may recommend dental sealants to cover and protect exposed root surfaces and reduce sensitivity.

4. Gum Grafting:

  • If gum recession is the cause of sensitivity, a gum grafting procedure may be performed to cover the exposed root surfaces with gum tissue, reducing sensitivity and protecting the roots.

5. Change in Dental Habits:

  • Your dentist may provide guidance on proper dental habits, including using a soft-bristled toothbrush, practicing gentle brushing, and avoiding aggressive brushing techniques.

6. Avoiding Acidic Foods and Beverages:

  • Limit consumption of acidic foods and drinks to prevent further enamel erosion.
Prevention and Management:
  1. Use a Soft-Bristled Toothbrush: Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and practice gentle brushing to avoid further enamel wear.

  2. Desensitizing Toothpaste: Use toothpaste specifically designed for sensitive teeth, containing ingredients that block the tubules in dentin and reduce sensitivity.

  3. Fluoride Rinse or Gel: Use fluoride rinse or gel as recommended by your dentist to strengthen enamel and reduce sensitivity.

  4. Avoid Acidic Foods and Drinks: Limit consumption of acidic foods and drinks that can erode the enamel.

  5. Proper Brushing Technique: Brush with a fluoride toothpaste using a gentle, circular motion. Avoid brushing immediately after consuming acidic foods.

  6. Mouthguard for Bruxism: If you grind or clench your teeth, wear a mouthguard at night to protect your teeth from further damage.

  7. Regular Dental Check-ups: Visit your dentist regularly for check-ups and professional cleanings. Your dentist can assess your teeth sensitivity and recommend appropriate treatments.