Dr. Deepali Patil

07666101825, 0712-3552950

Pramod Rajshree Plaza, Khamla, Nagpur

Open Hours

Mon - Fri: 10am - 2pm, 4am - 8pm, Sun - Closed

Tooth Extraction
Tooth Extraction

Tooth extraction, also known as dental extraction, is a dental procedure in which a tooth is removed from its socket in the jawbone. There are various reasons why a tooth extraction may be necessary. Here is some information about tooth extraction:

Reasons for Tooth Extraction:

  1. Severe Tooth Decay: When a tooth is extensively decayed and cannot be saved through other dental treatments like fillings or root canals, extraction may be necessary to prevent further spread of the decay.

  1. Periodontal (Gum) Disease: Advanced gum disease can cause the supporting structures of a tooth to weaken, leading to tooth mobility. In severe cases, extraction may be needed to preserve the health of surrounding teeth and gums.
  2. Tooth Infection or Abscess: An infected tooth, often resulting from untreated dental decay or trauma, may need to be extracted to prevent the spread of infection.
  3. Broken or Fractured Teeth: Teeth that are severely fractured or broken beyond repair may require extraction.
  4. Impacted Wisdom Teeth: Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, can become impacted (stuck) due to insufficient space in the jaw. Impacted wisdom teeth may cause pain, infection, or damage to adjacent teeth, necessitating extraction.

  5. Crowding or Malalignment: In some cases, tooth extraction is part of orthodontic treatment to create space for proper teeth alignment.

  6. Preparation for Orthodontic Treatment: In orthodontic cases where the mouth is overcrowded, some teeth may be extracted to create space for the alignment of the remaining teeth.

Common Symptoms
  1. Pain and Discomfort: It is common to experience some pain or discomfort at the extraction site. The intensity of the pain may vary depending on the complexity of the extraction and the individual’s pain tolerance.

  2. Swelling: Swelling around the extraction site is a normal response to the body’s healing process. The swelling may gradually increase over the first few days after the extraction.

  3. Bruising: Some individuals may develop bruising around the extraction site, which is typically mild and improves over time.

  4. Bleeding: It is normal to experience slight bleeding at the extraction site immediately after the procedure. The dentist will provide gauze to bite down on to help control the bleeding.

  5. Limited Mouth Opening: Some people may experience temporary difficulty fully opening their mouth after the extraction, especially if the procedure involved wisdom tooth removal.

  6. Sensitivity: The area around the extraction site may be sensitive to touch, temperature changes, and pressure.

  7. Bad Breath: A mild odor or bad breath may be present temporarily due to the healing process in the socket.

  8. Difficulty Chewing: Eating soft foods and avoiding chewing near the extraction site is advised in the first few days after the procedure.

Tooth Extraction Treatment

1. Dental Examination and X-rays:

  • Before recommending tooth extraction, the dentist will conduct a thorough dental examination, review your dental history, and take X-rays to assess the condition of the affected tooth and surrounding structures.

2. Anesthesia:

  • Before the extraction, the dentist will administer local anesthesia to numb the area around the tooth, ensuring a painless procedure. In some cases, general anesthesia or sedation may be used for complex extractions or for patients with dental anxiety.

3. Tooth Extraction:

  • The dentist will use specialized dental instruments to carefully loosen the tooth from its socket. In some cases, a surgical extraction may be necessary, which involves making a small incision in the gum to access the tooth. Simple extractions involve teeth that are easily visible and accessible in the mouth, while surgical extractions are required for impacted or broken teeth.

4. Socket Cleaning and Stitches (if necessary):

  • After the tooth is removed, the dentist may clean the socket and remove any debris. Stitches may be used to close the wound, depending on the type of extraction.
Recovery and Aftercare:
  1. Bleeding: It’s normal to experience some bleeding after the extraction. Bite on the gauze pad provided to control bleeding.

  2. Pain Management: Over-the-counter pain medications or prescribed pain relievers can help manage any discomfort after the procedure.

  3. Eating and Drinking: Stick to soft foods and avoid hot, spicy, or hard foods for the first few days after extraction.

  4. Oral Hygiene: Maintain good oral hygiene, but avoid the extraction site while brushing and flossing for the first 24 hours. After that, gently clean the area with a soft-bristled toothbrush.

  5. Avoid Certain Activities: Avoid smoking, drinking through a straw, and vigorous rinsing to prevent dislodging the blood clot and promote proper healing.

  6. Follow-up Appointment: Attend any scheduled follow-up appointments with your dentist to monitor healing and ensure proper recovery.